It is necessary to discuss a natural characteristic of God, even though we are primarily focused upon the motivational characteristics of God – this is the characteristic of power (omnipotence).
This topic is necessary to our discussion as it has traditionally been utilized to support one or another theological position to explain God’s consequent actions. From a determinist perspective, God’s omnipotence is without bounds and as such, anyone He motivationally loves He can and will redeem. From a freedom (free-will) perspective, God’s omnipotence is voluntarily limited so that while God may motivationally love all He cannot necessarily redeem all.
- *Brand, Chad, ed. Perspectives on Election. B&H Academic, 2006. Notes: Includes contributions by Jack W. Cottrell, Clark H. Pinnock, Robert L. Reymond, Thomas B. Talbott, and Bruce Ware.
- Basinger, David and Randall, ed. Predestination & Free Will. IVP, 1986. Notes: Contributions by John Feinberg, Norman Geisler, Bruce Reichenbach, Clark Pinnock.
- Walls, Jerry L. Why I Am Not a Calvinist. IVP, 2004.
- Picirilli, Robert E. Grace, Faith, Free Will. Randall House Publications, 2002.
- *Beilby, James K. and Eddy, Paul R. Divine Foreknowledge: Four Views. IVP Academic, 2001. Notes: Contributors include Gregory A. Boyd, David Hunt, William Lane Craig, and Paul Helm.
- Schreiner, Thomas R. and Ware, Bruce A., ed. Still Sovereign: Contemporary Perspectives on Election, Foreknowledge, and Grace. Baker Academic, 2000.
- Luther, Martin. The Bondage of the Will. Watchmaker Publishing, 2010.
- *Geisler, Norman L. Chosen But Free: A Balanced View of God’s Sovereignty and Free Will. Bethany House, 2010.
- Ryrie states, “all-powerful and able to do anything consistent with His own nature.” Ryrie is likely a determinist in his views but “four-point” rather than “five-point” and thus acknowledges, “In actuality He has not chosen to do even all the things that would be consistent with Himself for reasons known ultimately only to Himself.” He further elaborates, “Self-imposed limitations include those things He has chosen not to include in His plan that He might have included as long as they were not contrary to His nature. He did not choose to spare His Son; He did not choose to save all people; He did not choose all nations in Old Testament times; He did not choose Esau; He did not choose to spare James…” (Basic Theology, pg. 45)↩